Speech language students typically exhibit at least one of four main speech-language disorders.
1. Articulation Disorder
2. Language Disorder
3. Voice Disorder
4. Fluency Disorder
Speech sounds are mastered at different ages for boys and girls. When a student has misarticulations of sounds that should have been developed by his/her age, the student may possibly have an articulation disorder.
Language skills consist of several components. A student with a language disorder typically may have difficulties with syntax, morphology, semantics, pragmatics, and/or language formulation and retrieval.
Vocal nodules are a common voice disorder among school age students. A student may have a vocal quality which is too loud or too soft, too high or too low.
Stuttering or fluency disorder involves an interruption in the flow of speech. Stuttering is more common in boys than girls. Everyone stutters to some degree.